Peter H. Whincup, Claire M. Nightingale, Christopher G. Owen, Alicja R. Rudnicka, Ian Gibb, Catherine M. McKay, Angela S. Donin, Naveed Sattar, K. George M. M. Alberti, Derek G. Cook:

…These findings indicate that ethnic differences in diabetes precursors are already present in apparently healthy children before they are 10 years old. Furthermore, most of the ethnic differences in diabetes precursors seen among the children follow the pattern seen in adults. Although these findings need confirming in more children, they suggest that the ethnic differences in type 2 diabetes susceptibility first described in immigrants to the UK are persisting in UK-born South Asian and black African-Caribbean children. Most importantly, these findings suggest that some of the factors thought to be responsible for ethnic differences in type 2 diabetes—for example, varying levels of physical activity and dietary differences—are operating well before adult life. Interventions that target these factors early could, therefore, offer good opportunities for diabetes prevention in high-risk ethnic groups, provided such interventions are carefully tailored to the needs of these groups…

http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1​000263